By Asifiwe Mbembela


Edited by Zainab Ladak




Social network refers to the tool that connects you with people online. It also refers to the platform where a person can post and upload information online which can be useful to them. Social networks make people worldwide meet one another and share some common issues related to them, which is similar to university students who use these networks in positive way to increase performance and effectiveness. Some of these social networks include Instagram, WhatsApp, and Facebook.


University of Dar es Salaam students use social media platforms to share information between the school coordinate and class representatives. Moreover, within the School of Journalism and Mass Communication, students use social networks to post their activities within the media practice such as news reporting and anchoring of news. They also share these through WhatsApp groups in order to be known by many people and sell themselves.
Some of University students of Dar es Salaam have reached out to the www.Daruso.ac.tz website to explain the pros of social media networks and the way it has increased their performance in school activities.


Hosea Revectus, one of student of University of Dar es salaam, uses social networks to share media content to his audience before the start of program and this helps give him the opportunity to be known by many people from different places because he shares what he covers from the field. He shares to various social networks like Facebook and WhatsApp and people get informed through his social media posts.


However, Revectus also mentions the challenges associated with social networks as some of students post content that does not have a Tanzanian background, which can lead to cultural degradation and sometimes they may post unrelated information.
Emanuel Ezekiel who is pursuing Bachelors of Art with Education, argues that social media simplifies the way information disseminates, whereby people can share and receive news fast and quickly compared to before and also terrestrial media like television and radio have changed the way they broadcast breaking news.
Furthermore, Emanuel Ezekiel added that social networks helps students sell their products through posting a product through WhatsApp group or Instagram within the campus and sometimes even outside the campus, that usually increases income for many students who act as entrepreneurs.

To Robert Norbert, Bachelor of Science student, social media like WhatsApp makes bridges between lecturers and class representatives (CRs). He explains that there is some information that a lecturer wants to share with students that he can post through social media especially WhatsApp groups, and then thereby everyone is capable to read the information and give feedback, even by sharing of notes and other material.
“Has increased popularity for me whereby friends from different areas become friends in Facebook or Instagram and that becomes easy everywhere I go, I become close to them” Mweupe, who also is the university student, says.


Everything has positive and negative sides like social media, which has both negative effects to students like wastage of time, whereby they are using social networks most of the time which has led them to miss out on other things.


Publication of misleading or wrong stories in social networks is another negative effect as no one is responsible to gate keep information. Everyone in social media has turned into a journalist whereby anyone can post and upload something without following journalistic ethics such as posting wrong things like naked photos of minors, clips that give pain to the people watching them.


In many developing nations such as Tanzania, social networks come without preparedness for the ordinary citizen to deal with this new form of media that leads them to make a lot of mistakes and quail people who are laggard in adoption of technology.


Those mistakes in criminalizing offenses led National assemble of Tanzania to pass a law that deals with the computer system that is cyber-crime Act of 2015 and Electronic Postal Communication Act of 2010 (EPOCA), which deals with people who publish wrong, false, misleading and harmful information.




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